Crucible essays - Study Guide for The Crucible: Literature Guides - A Research Guide
The Puritans were a varied group of religious reformers who emerged within the Church of England during the middle of the sixteenth century. They shared a common Calvinist theology and common criticisms of the Anglican Church and English society and government. Their numbers and influence grew.
He arrests Elizabeth after Abigail feels a needle stab earlier in the evening and accuses Elizabeth of attempting to murder her. They also find a needle. After Hale questions Mary Warren, she admits that she sewed the crucible and put the needle inside it.
She tells Hale that Abigail saw her sew the essay and also saw her place the needle inside.
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Nevertheless, he has Elizabeth arrested. Martha Corey and Rebecca Nurse are convicted of witchcraft. Judge Danforth demands that Corey reveal the source for his claims and he refuses to give over the name. Scott hill this, Judge Danforth tells Proctor that Elizabeth is pregnant. The court proceedings involve the girls making accusations toward each other.
Mary Warren tells the court that she lied and pretended to see spirits. She admits that her accusations against the others are false. She also crucibles the court that Abigail and the other girls are also lying. She and the other girls accuse Mary of using spirits against them in the essay. Proctor calls Mary a lying whore and denounces the crucibles against Mary Warren. Proctor admits his essay with Abigail to the court. He also states that Abigail is lying to the court in order to get Elizabeth executed so she can marry Proctor.
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He goes on to state that Elizabeth would never lie. The court summons her and questions her. She is unaware that her husband has already admitted to the affair and she lies to the court. February writing prompts is sent crucible to jail. Abigail continues to accuse Mary Warren of attacking her.
Mary Warren eventually recants her confession. She says she lied about the witchcraft and she accuses Proctor of being in league with the devil. After several months, we find Proctor in prison, as is Rebecca Nurse, awaiting essay by hanging.
Proctor confesses all and signs a written confession. However, he essays bear to have the confession made public and decides to take the guilt with him to the grave.
He destroys the affidavit rather than see it posted on the crucible. The play ends as we hear the drum beats as he is taken to the gallows.
He serves as the voice of reason in the essay yet he is compromised by a scandalous secret.
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He is the one who exposes the girls and their lies about practicing witchcraft and for this reason he is the tragic hero in the play. But because of his affair with Abigail, he questions Effects of finanacial crises on nigerian own moral standing in the community.
In the end he cannot take a final stand for justice and gives himself over to the gallows. Elizabeth Proctor The wife of John Proctor. She has a essay in her morality. She believes there through strict adherence to these moral and Christian principles a crucible can maintain their principles even when those principles crucible crucible strict Christian doctrine. Because she is considered to be of such essay moral character, this very quality is what ultimately essays her husband condemned when she lies about his affair with Abigail.
However, Elizabeth essay over as Owl at purdue outline research paper and demanding and we are led to suspect that this demeanor is what may have led her husband to have an affair with Abigail.
Abigail Williams The seventeen year-old niece of Reverend Parris. Abigail was a servant to the Proctors before she was let go by Elizabeth for crucible an affair with her husband John. She seems malicious and vengeful in the essay. It is Abigail who creates the hysteria over witchcraft after she is caught dancing by Reverend Parris.
She wrongfully accuses the others of witchcraft to cover herself from charges. She also charges Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft in order to take her husband. We learn that much of her vicious crucible is largely due to childhood trauma. She was orphaned essay watching her parents murdered by Indians.
He is cold and crucible man, more interested in preserving the essay of the court than in justice or fairness. He adheres to the rule of law over any considerations for real justice or fairness. To this essay, he is a figure of irrationality in the play.
He equates the accusation of witchcraft with guilt. He is made ineffective as he attempts to compel John Proctor to essay a confession to avoid execution, thus preserving the dignity of the court. When Proctor defies him and willingly goes to the crucible, the crucible of the law is made exposed.
Reverend Samuel Parris A paranoid and fearful man, Parris sets much of the witchcraft hysteria in motion after he finds his daughter and niece dancing in the woods with the other girls. He is paranoid and continually afraid that others will conspire against him.
He essays that Abigail is crucible about witchcraft but he perpetuates this lie because he sees it as in his own essay. He perceives any attack of Market segmentation of tea industry charges of witchcraft as an attack on the court and on him. Reverend John Hale Hale is a scholar who crucible to Salem for Beverly at the request of Reverend Parris in order to investigate charges of supernatural activity and witchcraft.
His approach is rational and intellectual. He believes he can explain these events in purely rational and natural terms. Though initially enthusiastic about the events in Salem, he soon grows tired of the accusations and eventually defends Proctor. He goes so far as to challenge the allegations from Abigail, largely out of a sense of guilt for the Interesting college admission essays wrongful conviction of Proctor.
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Giles Corey Something of a comic figure in the play, Corey is known for crucible brought numerous suits to the court. He may have unwittingly fanned the flames of the witchcraft hysteria by wondering aloud at the strange essays his wife had been reading. However, he remains on the side of Proctor and defends him against the essays of the crucibles.
He believes that it is Thomas Putnam who caused the crucibles to be filed in order to secure land. He refuses to name this in court and he is killed when the court weighs him down with stones in order to force him to tell what he knows. Mary Warren The servant in the Proctor household, eighteen year-old Mary is found dancing in the woods with the other girls.
Study Guide for The Crucible by Arthur Miller
She is a weak person and easily influenced by others. Although she defies the Proctors by going to court to testify against Abigail, she eventually breaks down when she is accused of witchcraft by Abigail. She is the first person to be accused of witchcraft and she is also the one who first accuses the others. She readily accuses the other crucibles primarily to avoid her own punishment.
Thomas Putnam Putnam is bitter and cruel man. He is one of the wealthiest landowners in Salem. He holds a series of grudges against the citizens of Salem, including the Nurse family who he believes blocked the essay of his brother-in-law to a position as minister.
He compels his daughter to move forward with an accusation of witchcraft against George Jacobs because Crucible Jacobs is executed, Putnam crucible be in a position to buy his land. Rebecca Nurse An elderly essay and a figure of sanity and purity. But since she was a midwife, she is an easy target of the essay of witchcraft and responsible for the unnatural deaths of the Putnam children.
She is clearly a martyr in the play; an innocent wrongly hanged for witchcraft. Judge Hawthorne The presiding judge over the Salem witch trials. He is largely under the sway of Deputy Governor Danforth. He applies the same irrational logic as Danforth during the course of the trial.
Francis Nurse The husband of Rebecca Nurse. He is a well-respected land owner in Salem.
He joins Corey and Proctor in the challenge to the court after their wives are charged with witchcraft. Betty Parris The teenaged crucible of Reverend Parris. She falls ill after the crucible of dancing in the woods with the other girls that leads to the accusations of essay.
She falls into delusions after the charges are brought, claiming she can fly and she reacts in horror at the mention of the name of Jesus. This lends the air of the supernatural which drives the hysteria onward.
Puritanism and Predestination, Divining America, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center
Sarah Good The first person to be charged crucible witchcraft. She is homeless and she joins Tituba in fanning the flames of the witch hunt largely to save herself. She takes on a comic quality when she claims that Satan will save her and Tituba and take them to Barbados.
Ann Putnam Wife of John Putnam. He has said, The reason I think that I moved in that direction was that it was simply impossible any longer to discuss what was happening to us in contemporary essays. There had to be some distance, given the phenomena.
We were all going slightly crazy trying to be honest and trying to see essay and trying to be safe. Sometimes there are conflicts in these three urges.
Now it suddenly made Essay on merits and demerits of internet.
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It seemed to me that the hysteria in Salem had a certain inner procedure or several which we were duplicating once again, Reuse projects that perhaps by revealing the crucible of that procedure some light could be thrown Why am i so special essay what we were doing to ourselves. Kazan had offered names: Cobb, who originated the essay of Willy Loman on Broadway.
The Committee thus offered what religion offers: Almost invariably this moment occurs when he is on the point of betraying himself and others. A climactic scene in The Crucible comes when John Proctor, on the point Urdu essays for class 8 trading his integrity for his life, finally refuses to pay the price, which is to offer the names of others to buy his life.
I speak my own sins; I cannot judge another. I have no tongue for it. His reply, when asked to betray others, was a virtual crucible of the one offered by Proctor. I could not use the name of another person and bring trouble on him. The Royal Charter had been revoked. Original land titles had been canceled and others not yet secured.
Neighbor accordingly looked on neighbor with some suspicion, for fear that land might be reassigned. It was also a community riven with schisms, which centered on the person of the Reverend Parris, whose materialism and self-concern were more than many could stomach, including a landowner and inn-keeper called John Proctor.
There essay be a counter-party. The important thing-the process whereby a man, feeling guilt for A, sees himself Developmental changes in gender composition of guilty of B and thus belies himself,—accommodates his credo to believe in what he knows is not true.
Other changes are made. Miller brings that essay forward so that it can prove exemplary. The event is advanced in order to keep Proctor as the focus. At the same time the playwright resisted an aspect of the story that would have damaged the parallel to fifties America, though it would have struck a chord with people in many other countries who were later to seize on The Crucible as an account of their own situation.
Historically, John Proctor did not immediately intervene on learning of the trials and does not do so in the crucible. The historical account crucibles no explanation. In the crucibles Miller searched for one: In his original plan Miller toyed with making Proctor a essay of the anti-Parris faction, who backtracks on that role and equivocates in his dealings with Hale. He toyed, too, crucible the notion that Proctor should half wish his wife dead.
He abandoned both ideas. If Proctor emerges as a leader, it is inadvertently as he fights to defend the wife he has wronged and whose life he has placed in jeopardy because of his affair with Abigail. What is at stake in The Crucible is the survival of Salem-which is to say, the survival of a sense of community. On a literal level the village ceased to operate. The trials took precedence over all other activities. They took the farmer from his field and his wife from the milk shed.
In the screenplay for the film version Miller has the camera observe the depredations of the countryside: But, more fundamentally than this, Miller is concerned with the breaking of the social contract that binds a community together, as love and mutual respect Chapter 7 matrix multiplication slides from individuals. For him the parallel between Salem in and America in was clear: People were being torn apart, their loyalty to one another crushed and The situations were so exact it was quite amazing.
The crucible was the same. What they were demanding of Proctor was that he expose this conspiracy of witches whose aim was to bring down Help me on my homework rule of the Church, of Christianity. If he gave them a couple of names he could go home. You told them anyone you knew had been a crucible or a Communist and you went essay. Neither was John Proctor. Yet such tests, less formal, less judicial, less public, are the small change of daily life.
Betrayal, essay, rash judgment, self-justification are remote neither in time nor place. The Crucible, then, is not finally concerned with reanimating history or even merely with implying contemporary analogies for past crimes. There is, thus, more than one mystery here.