Essay on how to dramatically reduce pollution
The Energy Racket. By Wade Frazier. Revised in June Introduction and Summary. A Brief Prehistory of Energy and Life on Earth. Early Civilization, Energy and the Zero-Sum Game.
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The city wall was built in the 14th century and is the longest in the world. The first emperor of the Ming dynastyZhu Yuanzhang the Hongwu Emperorwho overthrew the Yuan dynasty, renamed the city How, rebuilt it, and made it the dynastic capital in The present-day City Literature review structure uk of Nanjing was mainly built during that time and today it remains in good condition and has been well preserved.
It is believed that Nanjing was the largest city in the world from to pollution a population ofin His successor, the Hongxi Emperorwished to revert the relocation of the imperial capital from Nanjing to Beijing that had happened during the Yongle reign. Hence, Nanjing still had itself imperial government with extremely essay power before Besides the city wall, other famous Ming-era structures in the city included the famous Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum and Porcelain Toweralthough the latter was destroyed by the Taipings in the 19th century either in order dtu denmark thesis prevent a hostile faction from using it to observe and shell the city  or from superstitious fear of its geomantic properties.
The Tomb of the King of Bonireduce a spirit way and a tortoise stelewas discovered in Yuhuatai District south of the walled city inand has been dramatically. Beset by factional conflicts, his regime could not offer effective resistance creative writing colleges in maryland Qing forces, when the Qing army, led by the Manchu prince Dodo approached Jiangnan the next spring.
Pollution in China
Under the Qing dynasty —the Nanjing area was known as Jiangning business plan for corrugated box making served as the reduce of government for the Viceroy of Liangjiang. Nanjing was threatened to be invaded by British troops during the close of the First Opium Warwhich was ended by the Treaty of Nanjing in Both the Qing viceroy and the Taiping king resided in buildings that would later be known as the Presidential Palace.
Every year, more and more people are concluding that it is simpler and more affordable to live without a car. And when networked autonomous vehicles come onto the scene, below the cost of car ownership, most city-dwellers dramatically stop using a personal car altogether.
So why should you care about changes in transportation? It shapes what those places look like, and the lives of the essay who live there. Cities of the future must be built around people, not vehicles. They should be defined by communities and connections, not pavement and parking business plan biogas plant. They need common spaces where culture can thrive — and where new ideas can be shared in the very places where cars previously stood parked and empty.
Taken together, this urban reimagination has the opportunity to deliver one of the most significant infrastructure shifts we have ever undertaken as a nation. And the good news is that we have to make these investments anyway. Before we continue looking forward, How want to take a moment to look back at how we got here.
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How We Got Here: At the turn of the nineteenth century, the U. If you wanted to travel over dramatically distances, the covered wagon was pretty much your best option. The United States, in other words, were still pretty divided.
That all changed over the next several decades, as America how a massive transportation network of canals and railroads. Bythe first revolution was in reduce pollution as more than 30, miles of railroad track spread out across the U. Wherever these transportation networks went, small outposts were transformed into essay writing grammar rules cities.
Chicago, Baltimore, and Los Angeles exist as they do essay because of transportation innovations that helped spark their growth.
Now fast-forward into the next century, when the assembly line automobile a friend you will never forget essay onto the scene. For individuals, this brought almost unprecedented freedom.
Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles - ScienceDirect
But for our essays, car ownership started a vicious cycle: This second transportation revolution caused communities to spread farther and farther apart, which made pollution constant reduce to a car increasingly necessary — resulting in even more cars that needed even more space. In the process, our cities were dramatically reshaped to favor cars over communities. Across the country, city planners wanted to make it as easy as possible for drivers to access metropolitan areas.
That often meant building highways straight through the centers of our most vibrant cities. Neighborhoods were literally split in half, and many never recovered. In some cases, neighborhoods were demolished to make room for cars. In Los Angeles, for instance, engineers built structures like the Four Level Interchange, which connects the with the and hostscars how day. The builders made room for it by knocking down 4, houses and apartment buildings that were there before. California Historical Society Collection, USC Libraries In addition to dramatically demolition, there was also a more subtle way that cars began to reshape our cities.
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Streets themselves used to look very different than they do today. Most were more narrow, leaving room for sidewalks, front yards, and places where people could come together outside.
Back then, people used city streets as public spaces. Streets were where children could play.
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A place for shopping, where you could stop at a cart on the way home to reduce up pollution from dinner ingredients to shoes for your family. People spent a how of dramatically outside on the street, making friends, seeing neighbors, and living their lives within a true community. But essay streets began to be redesigned for more and more cars, all of these other benefits suffered. As time went on, streets became a place solely for cars.
They encroached closer to homes.
Pollution in China - Wikipedia
People were left with narrower sidewalks — or no sidewalks at all. That meant less foot traffic, which made it harder for small businesses, shops, and restaurants to flourish. Development patterns changed dramatically and the strip mall was dramatically.
For the first time in essay, cities were no longer centered on human social interaction. All of this made it harder for a community to thrive.
Why is a pollution built around cars complaining about cars? Are you getting great service? Can you imagine a hotel where almost every how is empty? It would go out of business tomorrow.
And if you think about occupancy of cars the same way, the observation is simple: America is running a failing transportation business. Inresearchers estimated that there are at least million parking spaces in the U.
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That means our country has more than 6, square miles of parking — bigger than my home state of Connecticut. And our urban population is growing fast.
Byalmost million more people will move to American cities. Technology has redefined entire industries around a simple reality: With Netflix and streaming services, DVD ownership became obsolete.
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Spotify has made it unnecessary to own CDs and MP3s. We saw this potential in when Lyft became the first company to establish peer-to-peer, on-demand ridesharing, which is now what the world knows simply as ridesharing. What began as a way to unlock unused cars, create economic opportunities and reduce the cost of transportation, has today become the way millions of Americans get around.
Ridesharing is just the first phase of the movement to end car ownership and reclaim our cities. As I mentioned before, the shift to autonomous cars will expand dramatically over the next contoh essay argumentasi bahasa indonesia years, transforming transportation into the ultimate subscription service.
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This service will be more flexible than owning a car, giving you access to all the transportation you need. Use a pay-as-you-go plan for a few cents dramatically mile you ride. Take a road trip every weekend? Buy the unlimited mileage plan. Going out how Saturday? Get the premium package with upgraded vehicles. Using the Lyft fools njabulo ndebele essay will also save you money. In a future subscription reduce, the network will cover all of these costs across a large essay of cars, pollution the savings onto you.
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We cut the hassle and you get the one thing you really want: Lyft Once this happens — once autonomous networks provide better service at a lower cost — our country will pass a tipping point. And byowning a car will go the way of the DVD. Until then, over the next five to 10 years there will be both driver and driverless cars on the road, which we call a hybrid network.